Media News Archive
AT A Hindu temple in Chicago, hundreds of people of Indian descent, professing many faiths, turned up from across Illinois and farther afield to hear a speaker from back home. But the meeting on May 15th was not the usual style of diaspora politics, in which a nation’s far-flung children are urged to cheer for the homeland.
The man they came to see was Jayaprakash Narayan, head of a movement called Lok Satta which opposes corruption and wants electoral reform. And the aim of his month-long American tour, which includes venues like the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Google headquarters in California, is to get support from Indian-Americans for a drive to correct some of India’s failings. That sounds a lot better than passing round the hat for hardline Hindu nationalist causes, something else that occurs in the diaspora.
Bad, sleazy government, Mr Narayan says, is holding India back, crippling the country in its race with China. Having voted with their feet by leaving the country, he adds, Indians abroad should now help make their homeland worth staying in. Independent India’s early rulers had picked up statist ideas when studying in Britain; a new cohort of Indians, having thrived in economies like America’s, are nudging the country towards a freer market. This transmission of ideas, he notes, is easier in an electronic age.
Courtesy: The Economist
|kondal311:Do you mean politicians are using this sentiment for their gain. In 2004 elections TRS was part of UPA and during 2009 it joined hands with TDP. Almost all parties said they are OK for telangana during 2009 elections. Is it oppertunistic politics or Do we need Telangana really ?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: In our first-past-the-post system(our election system in which even one vote majority gives the victory to a candidate), parties are desperate to get a few more votes to be in power. So, they mean one thing, but say another thing. It is these short term political tactics which lead to this crisis.|
|Yogeswar:Dear Sir, Do you think the current leadership either pro telangana or anti telangana is mature enough to tackle the situation?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Yes and No. They created the problem. But eventually they will muddle through it and find a solution. But the price paid in the meanwhile is totally avoidable.|
|K Suresh:Good evening sir.Earlier we didnt see much responce from students on telengana issue.why do you think students are actively participatiing in telengana issue?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Jobs are important, and there is a misplaced hope that everyone will get government jobs if a new state is created.|
|Bharath Reddy:Dont you think the seperation of Telangana will definetely hit Brand Hyderabad in a big way??? No one in Hyderabad is really interested in seperation. Can you please throw some light into this ???|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: In the short term, there will be a price. But everything depends on the arrangements and confidence of investors, and the wisdom of leadership.|
|Raju Choppella:The conditions of roads in Hyderabad are the worst, I had lived in Pune since 1992 till 2007, then shifted to Hyderabad, there are so many speed breakers that we feel we are driving on rumblers rather than roads, why should there be unregulated speed breakers on the road? How should we bring the attention of the government at the rampant laying of badly designed speed breakers..??|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We do not have conscription in India. We need to change our parties and politics. But at the end of the day it is the voters who have the controlling hand. No point blaming politicians all the time. Middle class and youth must take responsibility.|
|Yogeswar:In the same breath, I would like to know if Telangana is relevant at all. Though the question is very direct, i would like to know the answer in a holistic way.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: I have addressed this question in my earlier replies.|
|srikanth:I'm more concerned with the development of hyderabad happened so far.Do you think hyderabad as an union territory will develop further or as a state capital of an unified andhra or telangana?.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We should not jump the gun at this stage. Let us calmly sit and resolve the issues.|
|sharif:What is your stand on Justice krishna's panel. is it political gimmick played by indian Govt.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: At this stage, we need a platform for peaceful dialogue. We also need an impartial body to gather views and to determine facts about development, discrimination, if any, and problems. Therefore, constitution of the Committee is a sensible step.|
|Dinakar:Also Sir, the main point being raised by all these political leaders is "No-Development in the region". But in my view the main block for this was PWG. The same happened in districts like Sri Kakulum, Vijayanagaram etc. also, because of PWG. But since 2002, after govt. taking stern action against pwg, we are seeing lot of development in this region. Nobody is even looking in that aspect. Everybody is behind vote bank politics. what is your say?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: I have given plenty of statistical evidence to show that Telengana districts are growing fast economically. But we need to do a lot more im education, healthcare, skills, small towns development, agro-processing, rural power supply, infrstructure etc. But that is unrelated to seperate statehood.|
|PC:Sir, What do you feel would be the best strategy on Hyderabad just in case a separate telangana state forms. Would it be justice to Andhra in case Hyderabad forms only Telangana Capital? Would Telangana accept the idea of common capital?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Any solution will have to be broadly acceptable to all. Let us wait and see|
|Badal:Sir, As an ex IAS officer do you support separation of state. It is more of a political play rather than development need. More division means further more descimination and it will create more regionalism and hatred b/w AP and telangana people...|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: This is not a great moral question. We can decide either way provided all stake-holders are satisfied, national repercussions are addressed, and the real solution of district governments is implemented. Strong views are not necessary, as it is neither a catastrophe, nor a panacea.|
|pavva:Is it true that really telangana region losing their funds and water?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: - About funds - there is no discrimination whatsoever. - Regarding water, Telangana accounts for about 20% of the total catchment area of Krishna river. But Telangana contributes 263 TMC of water to the river, and is allotment 280 TMC for the projects in Telangana. Coastal Andhra region gets more because AP gets a higher share than the catchment; water always flows down-stream into the sea; and there is prior use of water in the coastal belt that established riparian rights for about 150 years. Clearly, there is no discrimination. Growth of irrigation in Telangana is much higher over the past 50 years - partly canal, partly bore-wells. But there has been no discrimination by governments. Geography gives each region same advantages, and causes some problems. Everything cannot be equally distributed.|
|Yogeswar:Sir, This discussion is very intellectual. In order to make a common man who is a student or a villager in Telangana , who are seeing a great advantage in Telangana, understand that it is not the Panacea, what would you suggest?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: - Let each district have its own government. - Let all simple jobs go to locals - and let us create an authority to enforce it. - Let each village have Rs. 1000 per capital right away every year to take care of local problems. - Let us ensure that each child has real education, healthcare and skills to be able to stand up with dignity and self-reliance. This is the language everyone understands. We need this message to go everywhere - all over India.|
|NATA SHEKAR:Hi Jayaprakash Narayan sir - Is dividing the state required at this point of time . If we give positive signal to this type of things . In future still in Telangana state people will try to divide still smaller for there selfishness or like kashmire they will ask for seperate country .|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Mrs. Indira Gandhi, in her 1971 speech to Lok Sabha addressed this question brilliantly. That is why we need a national, tangible, universally acceptable marker to reorganize state. Language has been such a marker so far, and all non-Hindi states are formed on the basis of one language - one state. Now we need to carefully examine other markers before setting out to reorganize our states. Neither history nor geography nor development are sufficient markers. Often, the facts are distorted to create animosities. We need to rise above pettiness to solve problems.|
|Gautham:My 7year old son saw a picture of voilent pro-telangana agitation, he thought the incident was related to a terror attack and asked, are they terrorists?. I said no and before I could explain he asked another simple innocent question, are they not Indians?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: It is hard to make sense of our politics and our agitations most of the time. I hope by the time your son is of voting age, we will have created an India of which he could be proud. We owe it to him and all other kids.|
|Raju Choppella:Looking at how this issue has brought to the fore the clear indiscipline and opportunism of politicians to the fore, I feel all Politicians at least must have compulsory 3 years Military duty to be eligible to get elected as People's true representatives. The freedom enjoyed by the people comes at a great cost and the politicians should know what this great nation has to suffer when it comes to guarding itself.. Your opinion in respect of the comments by activists that only family of Telangana martyrs be given the right to fight elections in Telangana state??|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Raju Choppella: In years to come, are we going to talk to you as CM of Andhra Pradesh or as the CM of Telangana? Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Neither, I am afraid. I will be more than content if we reorder our priorities, empoer our local governments, change the nature of politics and end corruption. My role is to create a platform for the young people like you to take charge and transform the way we govern ourselves.|
|Raju Choppella:In years to come, are we going to talk to you as CM of Andhra Pradesh or as the CM of Telangana?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Neither, I am afraid. I will be more than content if we reorder our priorities, empoer our local governments, change the nature of politics and end corruption.|
|mahesh:I need some clarification on what factor telangana districts are growing much faster than andhra region districts. Can u please ans me?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: I have presented many parameters and the growth in Telangana & rest of AP over 50 years. The facts speak for themselves. If you see the annual growth rates of gross district domestic product of various districts from 1994-95 to 2006-07, the facts are revealing. 1994-95 to 2006-07 - Annual average growth rate. AP: 6.68% Nalgonda: 7.38% Khammam: 6.99% Warangal: 7.57% Karimnagar: 7.53% Adilabad: 6.46% Nizamabad: 6.30% Medak: 7.34% Hyderabad: 10.41% Rangareddy: 9.32% Mahabubnagar: 8.34% Rayalaseema: Kurnool: 5.33% Ananthapur: 5.82% Cuddapah: 4.90% Chittoor: 4.73% coastal AP Nellore: 5.09% Prakasam: 6.80% Guntur: 4.81% Krishna: 7.01% West Godavari: 5.79% East Godavari: 6.46% Visakhapatnam: 9.65% Vizianagaram: 5.81% Srikakulam: 6.58% you can see these trends - these are long term trends aggregate economic growth over 13 years for each district. The facts speak for themselves.|
|gopi sade:Dear Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan, i agree that this is created by politicians for there self motive, and i have to agree with you The problem is clearly not economic - it is political. but why do you think the people are also reacting to this if it is only political.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: People's concerns and anger about everything with our politics has been channelized in this direction. There is a perception that separate Telangana is a panacea to all problems. People are often gullible, and once a collective frenzy takes over, reason and rationality take a back seat. This happened in all parochial movements. Caste, religion, region, and language have a powerful hold over people from time to time. Real political sagacity lies in building a nation transcending these narrow loyalties.|
|suresh:There are many countries in the World which are smaller then big districts in India. Then what is the problem for creating new state ?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: No problem. The only thing is nothing can be done arbitrarily without a broad agreement among all stake-holders. Also once language ceases to be a marker for state formation, then we should decide what is a rational criterion for division of states. Once these questions are addressed, solutions can be found. But in any case, real solution lies in district governments, and none of these players is committed to real empowerment of people!|
|Manmohan:Sir ,We know that decentralization of power would increse effectiveness of governance. Don't u think that creation of separate telangana state would address this region specific problems such as unemployment,poverty,Flourosis, effectively ?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: A seperate state is no solution. The culture of governance will not change with creation of new state or a new capital. We need a third tier of federalism with real local governance where people see the links between vote and outcomes, taxes and public services, and authority and accountability.|
|vijaymohan:HI Dr.Narayan I am vijay . I am a gradutate from BITS-Pilani.We proud ourselves that our state produces largest number of students to iits and bits.But after the issue with telangan we became a laughing stck infront of all people.That is ok. what bothers me is to see young students wasting a life and year just succumbing to the mass hysteria. Politicians claim their lives to be sacred as they sacrificed for the mother land of telangana. My point is can we ever see a situation where we can attribute the terms of integirty,accountability and responsibilty to politicians.We have politicians who look for next election but no leader who looks for next generation.My question is why cant we form a pseudo government in telangana..let there be separate budget, seperate sports authority, separate rtc departments not on paper but in psudo terms and fix ourselves a small goal and see if they are acheived.If we fail to achieve we can say the problem is much deeper.We from bits and iits request that partition should be based on logic than emotion.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We can and must actually create real governments in each district with real authority, real resources, and with accountability. Also we need to create independent regional authorities which will enforce provisions relating to jobs. There are elegant solutions if we all care for justice enough. Yes, politics to day is very scary. But there is no reason to despair. Change will come when all of us especially when young people like you understand the kind of India we need to build, and set out to build it. It is hard work. But there is nothing more vital for our collective future.|
|Krupakar Manukonda:Can High court direct the state to withdraw police forces from college campus when it is the duty of the state to protect law and order? Why should the universities be a hub for regional divisions?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: These things happen. Let us not get too excited. Happily, as a robust democracy, we have self-correcting mechanisms to set things right.|
|mohammed ali:Hello JP Sir, In your opinion what will be in the best interest of AP....A separate telangana or a Telangana CM ?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: LokSatta has always held that a new state is neither a catastrophe, nor a panacea. The real issues are different. I have outlined the solutions in earlier replies.|
|Pradyumna:As per the evidence you presented about economic development in Telangana, and your conclusion that all this is purely political. Why don't the leading party or the hi-command or somebody to take a strong stand and say no more playing around with psych of people. We have already lost a lot of man hours and lives and property for this cause.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: past sins cast long shadows. When major parties cynically arouse passions and manipulate people, there is a price to pay. But as the dust settles down, I am sure we will all find an acceptable, sensible solution which ensures justice to all in a manifest way.|
|pravik:Dear Sir it is interesting to observe that most of the people involved in Telangana moment are students....., Is there a real moment first of all, if so then why are Ordinery People not coming out...? I guess Ordinery man is more concerned of Job Opportunities, Local development, better education for there Kids & other basic needs....? Your response will be highly appreciated. - PRAVIK|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: A myth has been spread that if a State is formed, every youngster with 7th Class(!) qualification will get a job, and every acre will get irrigation. Both are myths. It is easy to fall prey to such propaganda. It is easier to think that someone else is the cause of our problems. This is an ages-old tactic employed by politicians to manipulate gullible people.|
|Murali Lattupalli:Is there no law which could prevent the political parties to refrain using hate speech for their political gains and divide the people ? The so called political leaders even at the last rituals of the student who immolated himself were saying on the record that they are ready for any sacrifices. How many more students lifes they want to ruin ?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We need to strengthen laws to prevent hate speeches, fomenting divisions, and destruction of properties or rail rokos and rasta rokos. But the real deterrence to parties is citizens' enlightenment and sensible vote. Not one member of a politician's family or official's family has committed suicide, or suffered injury, or lost an academic year or job. We need to make the youth realize this.|
|yvsajay:Hello sir, Suggest a path for a young determined youth, who desparately wants to bring about a change in politics by being a part of it.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Participate. Vote sensibly. Understand the real solutions. Mobilise the public opinion. Be politically engaged while taking care of your own career. Be prepared to lead. We shall prevail.|
|Yogeswar:How much time does it take for a person to return to sanity? Do you think the moment has passed and he hasn't noticed it? Or do you feel that the moment will come soon. Instead of that, how about some sane people talk to the insane people to get their sanity back?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Please see statistics above. There are some more facts. Jalayagnam expenditure: Telangana : 45% Rest of AP: 55% Literacy growth: Telangana : 1143% Rest of AP: 448% Primary and UP schools: Telangana: 32108 growth: 410% Rest of AP 47877 Growth: 125% High schools: Telangana: 8579 growth: 8394% Rest of AP 7616 Growth: 1132% Development has been faster, and distribution has been even in Telangana. But a lot more needs to be done.|
|S.S.Kiran:Hi JP, Are you satisfied With the current Sri Krishna committe, and do you have any plans to put forward information to the committe for or against telangana., whichever way/whatever facts you choose?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: The Committee can only do three things - ascertain views; determine facts about development etc; and suggest approaches to a solution. The real decision will have to be made by elected governments and legislatures. Lok Satta will certainly place its views and suggestions before the committee. But we do not take a hard position on the question; we will focus on the solutions to resolve the problem.|
|santosh:Dear Sir. How do you justify the allocation of NABARD funds when it was evident more recently.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We cannot justify any discrimination anywhere. Nor should we jump to conclusions quickly. The NABARD funds allocation you are talking about pertains to one particular order in relation to flood-affected areas. To understand the truth, we need to compile all allocations and examine them in totality.|
|akkirajup:Sir, what is the possibility of Telengana state forming without Hyderabad as its capital?. Why cannot be there a timebound agreement - say, for next 20 years, Hyderabad will be common capital, and meanwhile let the Andhra and Rayalaseema combined (or divided) state build its own capital in these 20 years?.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: I am sure all these will be examined carefully before a decision is taken.|
|venky:Dear Sir, Recently there were reports that Maoists are also getting involved in the Telangana agitations, what have you got to say?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We all have seen these reports. It is not unrealistic that those who believe in armed revolution will fish in troubled waters. The key problem is our political process and leadership, not Maoists.|
|srinath:Is broad consensus not needed for United Andhra?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: No government at the national level will act unilaterally without a broad agreement among all stakeholders in the State. This is true not only in a democracy like India, but even in dictatorships like China where large questions of ethnicity and statehood are decided.|
|Kiran Kumar V:All of us know the political and sentimental perspectives around the issue, keeping them aside, Mr JPN can you please throw some light from administrative side, how were different regions progress over past few decades, it is clearly visible that some pockets (in both Telangana and coastal Andhra) have outperformed some other. Do you attribute this to regional politics or natural resources in those areas or anything else? What efforts did state govt make to ensure prosperity is spread equally across the state?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Some facts: Agricultural implents: Telengana-67% Rest of AP-33% Food grains-Rice growth(1955 to 2006): Telengana-708% Rest of AP-191%. Pulses production (1955 to 2006):Telengana-243% Rest of AP: 207%. Cotton production growth (1955 to 2006): Telengana-5443% Rest of AP-539% Sugar cane production growth (1955 to 2006): Telengana-225% Rest of AP-262% Gross irrigation growth: Telengana-140% Rest of AP-38% No. of Agri pump sets: Telengana-58.5% Rest of AP-41.5% Power consumption per capita: Telengana-777% Rest of AP-645%|
|Sriteja:If Telangana is separated, andhra might be deprived of water from rivers.. Will this factor be considered during the process of separation and decisions?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: There are settled principles regarding use of river waters even among nations, let alone among regions and states in one country. Prior use is accepted as a key principle. We can resolve all problems, provided an acceptable solution is found.|
|srinivas:The state bifurcation itself needs a lot of money .. for administrative and other set ups.. do we have surplus money to cater to these needs/|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: If a sensible solution emerges, we can always find resources. Sometimes there will be a setback, but that is the price to pay for bad politics and our inaction for long.|
|Shan:Dear Sir , it is a great honour to exhange views with you. My humble opinion is that , the Telangana issue has created bad blood between people and it is here to stay whatever may be the final outcome, so why to go ahead with a partition and risk everything? I would like to know your opinion on this.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Bad blood is only temporary. We are all the same people sharing the same dreams. Good sense, honest and purposive action, competent and committed leadership, and time will always heal the wounds, and we will all emerge stronger from this ordeal.|
|Pavan Prenderghast:Sir, I do not know the whether Telengana is a fair claim or not. What i do know and experienced in the recent past is the wave of terror unleashed by the pro-Telangana agitators here, in Hyderabad. They maim, destroy and cause mayhem with accompanying war cries of "Jai Telangana".At 2:30am on New years day, some of them have stood on roads in an inebriated condition and forced passers by to shout 'Jai Telengana". The so called JAC has been issuing statements that are motivated and divisive. I am scared, my family is scared. This might not be a question. It would be great if you could give your inputs.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: There is no cause for panic. There is no animosity among 95% people. Only a small vocal minority has been provoked. In time, we will find an acceptable solution. Please do not spread panic, or promote bitterness. These things happen when passions run high. We are still not really civilized about resolving our differences peacefully and through reasoned debate. We should change that.|
|Arunn Bhagavathula:When more than 100 MLAs, MPs, Ministers and Chief Ministers from Telangana haven't done much to solve the problems of that area for more than 50 years.. can they be expected to solve them once a separate state is carved out?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Problems exist all over the state. We need to find real solutions. Mean while we need to promote healthy debate and channelize our anger against centralized MLA-Officer raj, corruption, ugly politics and failure of education and healthcare.|
|gottimukkala raju:"People are gullible. Romantic sacrificialism and contagious suicides" - guess your perspective is too cold... one needs to look at the historical perspective with respect to disparity in development, culture etc. in addition to the descriminatory practices. in my public life, i come across a number of incidents where discrimination of culture, development or jobs. the armchair thinking could lead to superficial observations!!|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Please see my other answers.|
|Nskumar:Dear Jayaprakash, I have high regards for you for your intellectual and administrative capabilities. But I am afraid that this will not be the situation after I learnt that there is no internal democracy in your party. You are very well aware of the fact that Telangana is the most hot and burning topic in AP now. And why is Dr.Jayaprakash not visiting the OU campus and try convincing the students not to commit suicides. Has Dr.Jayaprakash started tasting the real flavour of Indian Political system? Or why couldn't Dr.JP take the initiative of speaking to leaders like KCR, JC Diwakar, Anam vivek etc and ask them to shut their troublesome mouths? Dr. JP, what do you think will centre do after Sri Krishna committee submits its report? Will it action its recommendations? Or will it be another 'miscellaneous activity/account' by Indian Government. It is a known fact that you are in favor of this committee. Hence my question to you. Why weren't the recommendations of many other committees implemented in regards to Telangana. What has happened to the recent Pranab committee? How will you or any other leader or beaurocrat vow that the recommendations will be implemented in its true sense and entirety?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: When passions are running high, and when parties and politicians are playing with people's sentiments and lives for personal gain, it is hard to persuade them with reason. Our only hope is for people - especially youth and media to come back to sanity and rational debate. Much of the discussion today is based on ignorance of facts, and devoid of any understanding of what needs to be done. Any solution that emerges through broad agreement of all sections of the state should be implemented. But real solutions lie in district councils, education and healthcare, and end of corruption.|
|Vijay1440:People say that Telangana is not developed. Is Telangana unique in that aspect in India or in Andhra Pradesh?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Please seem my earlier replies. Telangana's per capita income is higher than AP's. Rayalaseema, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam, Guntur, Nellore, Adilabad and Nizamabad are now falling behind in terms of growth rates. All regions have the problem - all we need a complete overhaul of governance, priorities and power structure|
|Sarath Myneni:DO you think bifurcation of states that were formed on the basis of same language cause damage to the indian union integrity|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: It is hard to say. But any upsetting of linguistic reorganization has national level repercussions. Therefore a conscious decision should be taken by the national government, because it will fuel demands all over India. There are already about twenty demands for separate statehood after Dec 9, 2009|
|kranthikumar:what are the natural resources that telangana region is having and How much resources does other regions are having?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Telangana has coal, lime stone and 970 mm rain fall. Coastal AP has sea coast, natural gas and river waters that flow through gravity. Rayalaseema has iron ore and other minerals. All are complementary to each other.|
|S W Kamath:In a one city state that AP unfortunately is, and assuming that a part of the state is carved out to make for Telengana, can we really believe that Hyderabad will also be a part of that smaller state? If so, what happens to the Andhra/Seema areas considering that a large part of the investments in Hyderabad come from outside.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Highly centralized development in one city is both the cause of this crisis, and a hurdle to resolve it. There is no substitute to creation of a large number of small towns, and job creation at local level, along with real empowerment of district governments.|
|Yogeswar Reddy:Is Telangana movement relevant in this day and age or what could be its credibility now.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We must understand that the underlying factors and address them. Deep seated insecurities as a result of inadequate opportunities in wealth creation leads to serious social strife. The form it takes may vary from time-to-time, but there is a real problem we need to address.|
|Prasanth Balantrapu:Is Telangana movement really a people's movement or just of politicians'?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: All anger of people against poverty, corruption and ugly politics is channelized in a single direction right now. It is essentially a movement against politics as it is practised now. Politicians are past masters at arousing passions and promoting envy and hatred in order to convert people into vote banks. We see a combination of angst, political follies, ignorance, envy and primordial loyalties at play.|
|philip joshua: What are the Pros and Cons if Telangana happens and does not happen|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Telangana creation is neither a catastrophe, nor a panacea. We should examine the evidence about development, the future of all the regions, growth prospects of Hyderabad city and the implications to the rest of India. We do not exist in isolation and we are part of India.|
|chepyala vijaykumar:hello JP what is your view on telangana..I feel you should decide on this considering prople's aspirations|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Vijay, We need to do what is best for Telangana people. The only real answers are: 1. Repeal of Section 14(f) of the PresidentialOrder. 2. Creation of an independent authority to implement GO 610 in all regions of AP. 3. Regional Committees in all regions with powers and resources 4. Effective and empowered district governments. Lok Satta is fully committed to these goals.|
|Vijay1440:Definitely there may be some differences in the way of funds spent in Andhra Pradesh over 50+ years across areas of Andhra Pradesh. But did those differences of spending funds took place because of some ruling people who intentionally tried to ruin Telangana. Even if that is the case, what happened to the funds spent in Telangana? were they fully utilized for the development of the public.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: There is no evidence of organized discrimination of any region or any district in AP, or for that matter elsewhere in India. It simply is not possible in our open, though flawed democracy. Vizianagaram, Srikakulam, Guntur, Nellore, Anantapur, Kurnool, Chittoor and Cuddpah are much poorer than most of Telangana. The problems are corruption, misplaced priorities, poor implementation and absence of effective local governance.|
|ravi:How justified is it to initiate steps based on a report(SRC) which is 50 years old? The present conditions are definitely different from those days.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We need not be bound by the past. But we need a new anchor/marker for decisions. Language as a marker served us well , and except for Hindi, all other languages have one State each. Any change has to be rational and universally applicable to the whole country. The real answer lies in empowering people directly through local governments, and reordering our priorities as government and execute policies effectively. Creation of a new State, or retention of an integrated State - neither is the real solution.|
|Narayan:Hi Mr. JP! In a current situation in AP, evrybody has their own stand from two regions with their demands. Do we believe we get the right solution for the two regions? I'm from Nalgonda district where I have seen so many villages are away from even drinking water. But only on the records, our district got the project called "Nagarjuna Sagar". But when these things will resolved along with so many problems like 610, undevelopments at telangan regions?????? What do you think if we get the correct solution? Thanks, Narayan|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Undoubtedly, backwardness exists in many parts of AP. Drinking water, school education, public health, basic amenities - all are in a disgraceful state. We need to re-engineer politics and make districts the third and effective tier of federalism. The problems transcend regions and are a result of bad politics, poor execution and failed leadership.|
|Vijay1440:I do not have any issues in saying that Telangana is ALSO not developed, But why do you think that it is not developed? Who are the culprits?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Evidence shows that 8 of the 10 districts of Telangana are growing much faster than AP over the period 1994-95 to 2006-07. In the rest of AP, only three districts out of 13 have growth rates higher than AP's. Nor surprisingly, 5 of the 10 districts of Telangana have per-capita incomes higher than in the whole AP. The districts of Telangana are far ahead of the other districts of erstwhile Hyderabad State which are in Maharashtra (with the exception of Aurangabad) and Karnataka. The problem is clearly not economic - it is political.|
|venkatesh medabalimi:A new trend that seems to have evolved is to declare Bandhs and violent protests if a group wants something. Do you think India should move on and these forms of protests that effect productivity be declared illegal ? If so, how do you think these people can express their wishes without waiting till next elections ?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: We all need to reflect. Constitution is the vehicle for peaceful reconciliation of conflicting interests in society. If violence, obstruction and inhibiting the liberty of others are the currency of public discourse, obviously we have failed the constitution. We need to recognize that healthy and reasoned debate, peaceful elections and legislatures are the only means of resolving issues.|
|Sarath Myneni:Do you think in these modern days so called revolutions, sections of people are being provoked by either politicians or by some other oppurtunists. Can't the government/parties do any think to stop this. This is clearly a very dangerous trend right now in Telangana protest????|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Sadly, there are extremely uninformed, but very strong views on both sides. we should let people realize that formation of Telangana is neither a disaster nor a panacea. The real solutions lie in empowering local governments in the Thirs tier of federalism and giving every kid a chance in life through education. So that the accident of womb does not determine her future. We need to make the young people understand it, and channelize their anger constructively.|
|NAND KUMAR AIYER:Dear Dr.Jayaprakadh Narayan, When the nation is trying to come out of recession,Combating Terrorism and Naxalites, and at this juncture politicians driven by selfish motives are asking for a separate telengana state do you think they are justified and one should not instigate students to take up this cause on behalf of the politicians.Agreed telengana's needs might have been overlooked, but we need to take up the cause and not be dogmatic about the issue.Look at Assam which was ruled by AASU some time back and where is it now. The students are being taken for a ride and they should not fall prey to the scheming politicians.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Sadly, politicians have very little to offer to improve education and healthcare, empower citizens and local governments, end corruption and come up with coherent strategies to end poverty. Primordial loyalties of caste, region, religion and language can be easily aroused, and converted into vote banks. The only antidote is the vigilant middle class participation and sensible media debates.|
|venkatesh medabalimi:One significant aspect of the current protests has been extreme paranoia among certain student communities, some going to the extent of suicides. How do you think one can take practical measures to prevent these actions while evolving consensus before taking any decision?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: People are gullible. Romantic sacrificialism and contagious suicides are not uncommon. Mature leadership, family bonds, societal institutions giving emotional support, sensible teachers - all are critical in preventing such tragic incidents.|
|Arunn Bhagavathula:Shouldn't there be a uniform national policy for division of states?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: Yes. We should look at the larger issues - language, large cities which are economic hubs, national implications, etc.|
|gottimukkala raju:Is Hyderabad a major stumbling block for the formation of telangana state.|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: It certainly is. Also the evidence shows that Telangana is growing much faster than the rest of AP over the past 13 years. Therefore the economic rationale is suspect. And, if language ceases to be the marker in State formation, we need another, clear marker. this has huge national implications.|
|gottimukkala raju:when do we think, we would find telangana a reality? what do u think are the major stumbling blocks?|
|Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan: A new State can be created only when there is a broad consensus within the State. In this case, AP is the first non-Hindi state sought to be divided, and Telangana is the first region with a major city as State capital in it, which wants separation. Both make it hugely complex.|
Courtesy: IBN Live
The casual and arbitrary approach of the Union Government, short-term vote-bank politics of parties and shameless political duplicity have led to a wholly avoidable crisis over Telangana, says JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN.
Suddenly, the State of Andhra Pradesh and the whole nation are in turmoil. The tranquil climate, so vital for economic prosperity at a time of tough global challenges and great opportunities, has been vitiated by the pursuit of vote-banks and the arousing of primordial loyalties.
Politicians playing with fire have now opened the Pandora's Box and have sown the seeds of discord in many pockets of India. A dangerous message has gone out: Elections, constitutional process, reasoned and healthy public discourse are not important; indulge in rabble-rousing, promote violence and obstruction, and the government will yield.
To understand the tumult in Andhra Pradesh now, one should imagine what would happen in Tamil Nadu if a new state of North Tamil Nadu, along with Chennai, is carved out; or the consternation in Karnataka if South Karnataka with Bengaluru is carved out as a separate State.
For the first time, a region with a large capital city wants to separate as a State. So far, every demand for a new State has been from far-flung areas away from the State capital. Hyderabad is not just another city. It is on par with Chennai and Bengaluru, and with 85 lakh people, accounts for over 25 per cent of the population of Telangana and 60 per cent of the economy of the region. Millions from all over the country and the various regions of AP have made it their home.
Every significant political, business or civil society leader has made Hyderabad home, and is emotionally attached to the city, even if the political base may be elsewhere. In such a situation, the all-too-casual approach to separate Statehood is calamitous.
The Indian nation is still in the making. Indira Gandhi was both powerful and, on occasion, autocratic. But even when her party had monopoly of power, she understood the fragility of the nation and worked hard to find a compromise on demands for Statehood.
Two major agitations for separate Statehood shook Andhra Pradesh — in Telangana in 1969, and in the Andhra region in 1973. Indira Gandhi had complete political sway over the whole State without any challenge, and yet she recognised and stated that if each group of districts, or sub-region, wants separate Statehood, eventually every district would become a State and the nation would be ungovernable. At that time, the population of Hyderabad was 10 lakh.
Once the Congress government in Delhi amended the Constitution (32nd Amendment), inserted Article 371-D, and hammered out a six-point formula to protect the interests of Telangana, there was peace and quiet for over 30 years. Hyderabad grew very rapidly and became a major economic hub. And now, again, the casual and arbitrary approach of the union government, short-term vote bank politics of parties and shameless political duplicity have led to a wholly avoidable crisis, that has further undermined the eroding legitimacy of politics and parties.
There are serious economic issues to be examined on the issue of carving out a separate State in Andhra Pradesh. First, the capital city is a serious bone of contention, and once people and investors lose faith in the future, it will decline rapidly.
This will hurt both Andhra Pradesh and India, because large cities are now important clusters of growth, and if a Mumbai or Delhi faces economic hardship, the whole nation will be impacted by the fallout.
Second, parts of the coastal region are agriculturally well-developed and have resources and surpluses. For instance, the coastal region generates surplus revenues in the power sector, and is subsidising power for farmers in Telangana and Rayalaseema. A separate State will be burdened by an unviable power sector.
Costal regions are always engines of growth all over the world. Telangana is land-locked, and losing the costal region would retard growth and opportunities. Again, this is the first time a land-locked region is seeking to separate from the coastal belt. When passions subside, the pain and deprivation will be felt.
Water resources are always a bone of contention in a monsoon-fed country. Even in a relatively well-managed city of Mumbai, enjoying abundant rainfall on the West coast, water riots took a life recently. In a water-starved region, river water disputes will escalate, and sharing of Krishna and Godavari waters will be a nightmare.
In the K-G basin off the Andhra coast, abundant natural gas reserves have recently been found, and are being tapped. Already, there is the challenge of sharing natural resources between the home State and the rest of India, and now Telangana will be further depleted.
Large, unviable lift irrigation projects — at a capital cost of Rs 3-4 lakh per acre and Rs 40,000 per year per acre maintenance cost — have been unwisely proposed in Telangana. They will be a permanent drain on the economy of the region, undermining it without ensuring benefits.
Politics of inclusion
Poverty, backwardness, corruption, lack of opportunity and unemployment are endemic to many of the country's States and sub-regions. These are caused by failed policies, misgovernance and the politics of plunder, leading to kleptocracy.
Large parts of Telangana and Rayalaseema, most of north coastal Andhra Pradesh, upland areas of delta districts, and many families suffering discrimination by birth in every village — all of them are victims of terrible misgovernance and political failure.
The perpetuation of poverty and under-development is largely the result of the plunder of local politicians and bureaucrats. A change of the State's name or boundaries or capital will not alter anything.
The need of the hour is to accelerate growth and promote equity and opportunities. What every sub-region of Andhra Pradesh, indeed every part of India, needs is empowerment of people, district governments and third-tier of federalism to help people fulfil their potential.
We cannot use 19th century notions of divisive politics in a 21th century world.
Source: Hindu Business Line